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Bangladesh 7th worst weather-affected country
Bangladesh has ranked seventh among the countries most affected in extreme weather events over the last 20 years, says a new index released today.
The report, Global Climate Risk Index 2019, released in Poland, says Bangladesh stands in the ninth position in risk of being affected by extreme weather events.
The report, launched in the annual climate summit, analysed damages caused by the extreme weather events took place from 1998 to 2017 to present the ranking.
It reports, Sri Lanka is in second most vulnerable country after Puerto Rico, the country which was ravaged by Hurricane Maria in 2017. Nepal is at fourth and India 14th.
It adds, in 2017, 407 people died in Bangladesh due to extreme weather-related events like floods, land slide, storms and cyclones, causing economic loss of about USD 2,826.678 million.
The Inter-governmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) has already predicted in its scientific report that risks associated with extreme events will continue to increase as the global mean temperature rises.
With four countries in the top of the list, the annual risk index shows that countries in South Asia are among the most vulnerable countries globally due to the impacts of climate change.
As the report states, between 1998 and 2017, more than 526,000 people died worldwide and there were losses of USD 3.47 trillion as a result of more than 11,500 extreme weather events, said the index report prepared by Berlin-based environmental organisation Germanwatch.
Globally, 11,500 people died because of extreme weather events and economic damages totaled some USD 375 billion, it said.
IMPACT HIGHEST IN POORER COUNTRIES
The report said, it is the poorer countries that are most affected in its long-term index, as eight of the 10 countries most affected between 1998 and 2017 are developing economies.
The risk index was prepared by Germanwatch using the NatCatSERVICE database of the reinsurance company Munich Re and socioeconomic data of the International Monetary Fund.
It has said that there is increasing evidence on the link between El Niño events and global warming. The occurrence of El Niño, a warm current in the Pacific Ocean, affects the monsoon in South Asia, which is vital for the summer cropping season.
The occurrence of such events could double in the future due to climate change, the report had said earlier.