What is Error ME 664?
ME 664 is an error that came when you try to change the account assignment category in service document like EBAN-KNTTP, EKPO-KNTTP), but the field is using BAPI. Then you got the message ME 664 “Change Acct Assgt Cat Could not be effected”. The new account assignment category is not U, which means it’s unknown.
What is the Solution of ME 664?
The account assignment category can’t be changed according to the usual system design for the service objects with the account assignment category other than ‘U’. The reason is it is designed that way because those accounting is made at the SERVICE level and not made on the ITEM level for materials. There can include many different account assignments for one item.
That’s why the change of the account assignment category at the item level is not possible. Now you can change the account assignment category from ‘Unknown’ to something else, but it is not possible to switch from cost center to something else.
What is the meaning of SAP BAPI?
SAP BAPI (Business Application Programming Interface) is a primary interface to the business object models in SAP products. It the first method through which customer code and third-party apps interact with SAP products. It also ensures that all business logic, validations, statements are working correctly while changing business objects.
How BAPI Works?
It is implemented as a function module, which is called the SAP internal code. BAPIs release the formal and constant interface with SAP business objects in a way that SAP needs to work in the future. Underlying tables and non-BAPI function modules, programs, and classes can be available in the SAP systems, but it doesn’t come with the same insurance that code will work in the future.
BAPIs are only utilized by the customer and developer if they have released it. That means SAP has chosen them to prepare for use and remain stable in the future. You can check the status of release by going through the attribute section of BAPIs.
What do you mean by materials Management?
Materials management is the procedure that indicates the flow of supplies into an organization to get a level of service, which makes sure that the correct materials are reached at the right place with the right cost, quality, and quality.
It also contains the responsibilities like procurement, materials handling and storage, production and inventory control, packaging, transport, and associated information systems and their application throughout the supply, manufacturing, service and distribution sectors.
It is responsible for buying high-quality equipment and products at a lower cost for the organization. In other terms, you can also say that material management is the procedure that integrates all the information related to the requirement of material to the dispatch of finishing goods to the final customers.
Functions of the Materials Management
The objectives and functions of materials management can be categorized in two ways, as follows:
- Primary objectives
- Secondary objectives
In any organization, the planning of materials in the required manufacturing is needed. Because the invention of the materials involves up to 60% in a total investment of association. The primary function is also divided into some factors.
- Inventory planning and control
- Quality control of materials
- Departmental efficiency
There can be several secondary functions. Some of them are discussed here.
Standardization and Simplification
The basic specifications of several types of materials are recovered by the design and technical department, which is followed by the production department of the company. Standards of the materials explain the quality and size of the product.
Design and Development of the Product
The variety in product and functionality are the essential factors to promote the sales of a product. The new techniques for designing a product using Computer-Aided Design (CAD) have made it possible to develop a variety of products at a faster rate.
Make and Buy Decisions
These types of decisions are the policy decisions of the management. The capacity of the organization and the various facility developed by the organization to manufacture multiple items is the main objective of every organization.
Coding and Classification of Materials
It is a significant factor in the materials management to help the production and buying department of every organization. It utilizes its methods of classification of materials used to manufacture the product or a company selling various goods.
Forecasting and Planning
The requirement of the materials is completely based on the forecasting of the sales and demand of the product in the market. The market fluctuations are observed to control the production of the company.
What is the Scope of Materials Management?
Materials management is connected with many manufacturing departments of the organization. The maximum investment in the material is the cost involved in manufacturing. When materials purchased or brought by the organization, its value increased. There are some efficient and effective materials management ways, which must be dynamic to adjust to changing demand and production.
- Materials management will make decisions for the purchase of materials.
- The centralization of authority is necessary.
- Speedy and accurate decisions are needed.
- Data analysis by electronic data processing is mandatory.
- Growth opportunities must be emphasized.
The various costs involved in these materials are standard rate, purchasing rate, inventory rate, transportation rate, material handing rate, office cost, packing cost, and marketing cost.
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