Which Revolution Inspired the Indian Constitution framer to adopt the feature of Social, Economic Equality?

What is Social Economic Equality?

The meaning of social economic equality is to give equal rights to all the people of the nation in terms of position, rank, income, pay, wealth, and freedom of speech. It also involves the equal opportunities, obligations, health equality, and economic equality.

For instance: gender, sex, age, sexual preference, caste, class, income, color, language, religion, health disability should not consider to give the opportunities to the people of the nation. Equal opportunities mean, the person will judge only based on their ability. 

Does Equality exist in India?

As we know, India is the biggest democracy in the world. Many factors are essential to be a democratic country, and equality is one of them. The meaning of equality is that everybody is equal in the eyes of the law without any discrimination of gender, caste, religion, class, or color. According to the constitution of India, men and women have equal rights.

Why do we need equality in Society?

Equality plays a significant role because it provides dignity to a person. The meaning of dignity is self-respect, which is very important for a human being. It is right for every human. India law has also given equality to the people of the nation. But many types of research show that still, much discrimination goes in favor of Men, which displays the inequality of India.

Types of Inequality in India

As we know, as per the law of India, we have rights of equality, but in reality, few things show the inequality of India.


Casteism is the old belief that still exists in India. According to Indian history, it has four varnas, which are Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, and Shudra. But today, discrimination can also be seen in the rural areas of the country along with urban areas.


Because of the above-given varna system, one of the negative factors of India is its untouchability. This system shows that lower caste of people are impure, and nobody touches them.

Gender Discrimination

In India, females of the villages were expected to cook, clean, and raise the children. At the same time, Men are the ones who were responsible for working and earning money. The Law of India doesn’t allow this kind of gender discrimination. Men and women both are equal to the law of India.

Class Inequality

Many people around us are not equal in terms of income, pay, and money. Some people have billions of property but at the same one beggar who doesn’t have anything to eat.

Religious discrimination

People who want to follow different religions have faced discrimination. According to the law of India, everybody has the right to follow any religion they want.

Which revolution inspired the Indian leaders?

In the 18th century, two leaders in India inspired by the revolution of French and Russian. Many leaders were inspired by the features of equality and democratic rights. In the Indian Constitution, 11 laws had been borrowing from the other countries, which are given below.

  • India adopts fundamental rights, independence of the Supreme Court from the USA.
  • India got the Amendment of the constitution from South Africa.
  • Parliamentary form of Govt(Lok sabha, Rajya Sabha), where President is the constitutional head, cabinet & prime minister.
  • Federal structure from Canada
  • Trade and commerce from Australia
  • Principles of state policy from Ireland
  • The preamble of the constitution from the United Nations
  • Fundamental duties from Russia
  • The idea of alternate govt from Italy
  • Single citizenship policy from Canada

Who started revolutionary activities in India?

The Revolutionaries movement of Indian freedom is related to the many actions of revolutionary factors. These movements mainly existed in the area of Bengal, Maharashtra, Bihar, and Punjab. Many leaders had done many revolutionary activities in India to provide the freedom of the country.

Here we have given some name who had taken the initiative regarding this. Khudiram Bose is the first person who started the revolutionary activities in India. The first activity which is done by Khudiram Bose was The Muzaffarpur killing.

  Name of Revolutionaries


  •     Khudiram Bose
  •   The Muzaffarpur killing
  •     Chandra Shekhar Azad
  •   Kakori Conspiracy
  •     Ram Prasad Bismil
  •   Kakori Conspiracy
  •     Bhagat Singh
  •   Central Assembly Bomb Case 1929
  •     Udham Singh
  •   Shooting in Caxton Hall
  •     Vanchinathan
  •   Shot dead Ashe, the Tax Collector of Thirunelveli
  •     Hemu Kalani
  •   Sabotage of Railway Track
  •     Ashfaqulla Khan
  •   Kakori Conspiracy
  •     Sachindra Bakshi
  •   Kakori Conspiracy

  Who is considered the father of Indian revolutionary ideas?

The father of the Indian Revolutionary was Lok Manya Tilak. He was a middle-class family man of Maharashtra. After completion of his graduation, he was concern about the political problems of India, so later, he decided to work in politics.

Bipin Chandra pal is another brave leader of India who is the father of Revolutionary Thoughts in India. He was one of the freedom fighters of India. He was also the main leader of the Indian national congress. He also sends the strong plea regarding the discrimination along with Lala Lajpat Rai and Bal Gangadhar Tilak. These three leaders play a major role in the revolutionary activities of India.

Aurobindo gosh and pal was the one who had encouraged the people to use the goods and services of the country and not use foreign goods. The main reason behind this activity is to increase the economy of India that will employ the people of the country.


 So, now we know that India has borrowed many constitutions from another country, and there is nothing wrong with that. Not only Indian leaders infect many other countries also borrowed the constitution of their country from another nation.

The constitution of social and economic rights is one of them which is taken from French and Russia revolutionary. We have also seen the reality of this constitution. Many types of inequality and discrimination still exist in the country. We hope it will end soon and everyone can get equal rights to live in this country.


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