Psoriasis Types, Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

What is Psoriasis Definition?

Psoriasis is a skin disease that develops the skin cells faster than the usual. It is the kind of skin condition where you can see the red patches on the skin with itching. Psoriasis can grow in the form of red and dry patches that can affect the area of scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back. Usually, it attacks a few body parts, but in some cases, it can appear on the large part of the body. According to the expert, Psoriasis can’t spread from humans to humans. But in some situations, it can be transferred to the same family members.

Psoriasis Types

Five types of Psoriasis are plaque, guttate, inverse, pustular, Nail and erythrodermic.

Types of Psoriasis

Plaque Psoriasis:

It is the most common Psoriasis in all of them. According to the survey 80 to 90%, people are suffering from plaque Psoriasis. In this Psoriasis, you can see the thick red patches which are covered by a white layer. It usually appears on the elbows, knees, lower back, and scalp. These patches can cover a wide area of the body.

Guttate Psoriasis:

It can occur in childhood and young age most of the time. This type of Psoriasis can come in the form of a small red spot on the skin. Most of the time, it arrives at the torso and limbs, but sometimes it can appear on the face and the scalp. Under this type of Psoriasis, red spots are not very thick, as we can see in the plaque psoriasis but, it can transform into plaque psoriasis if it stays for a long time. In Guttate Psoriasis, a patient can feel the stress, strep throat, skin injury, and infection.

Inverse Psoriasis:

Flexural and Inverse Psoriasis can be seen under the skin folds like below the breasts and armpits area. Most of the people are confused inverse psoriasis with the fungal infection. But it’s not a fungal infection. It can be seen in red color with shiny and smooth on the skin. Sweating in the skinfolds parts or touches with other body parts can make feel discomfort to the patient.

Pustular Psoriasis:

In this Psoriasis, white pustular can cover the red skin area. White pustular can be filled with pus and infection. Some people face the cyclic periods of the redness of the skin.

Nail Psoriasis

Nail psoriasis frequently accompanies different types of this disorder since the claws are a part of their epidermis. They rise from the nail origin, that will be under the cuticle; also psoriasis could develop in the nail root canal. Indications of psoriatic nails incorporate pitting, involving holes or dents forming at the nail.

Erythrodermic Psoriasis:

It is a severe form of Psoriasis. The patient needs to be admitted to the hospital because his body is not able to handle the temperature of the body. It can happen in a rare case, but it can cover the large part of the body.

Psoriasis Symptoms

In the Psoriasis disease, people can feel the symptoms like red patches on the skin. Sometimes it can be silvery, and the patient feels itching on the infected part. Swelling in the Joints and pain can be another symptom of psoriatic arthritis. In some Psoriasis, the dry white layer on the red area can appear.


Psoriasis scalp

Scalp Psoriasis is common in those people who are suffering from plaque Psoriasis. Some people can feel dandruff on the scalp, and others can feel it painful and itchy. It can be visible towards the hairline and expand to the neck and ear. In the scalp Psoriasis, sometimes people can cause hair fall and other infections on the scalp. If the condition develops day by day, then it may cause social stress to the patient.

Scalp Psoriasis

Psoriasis Treatments

Every type of Psoriasis needs different treatment. Here we have given treatment for all types of Psoriasis.

Treatment for Plaque Psoriasis:

Because of the discomfort, the doctor advises the patient to use the moisturizers to keep the skin soft and smooth. Dry skin can be irritated to the patient. The doctor may also suggest vitamin D creams like calcipotriene (Dovonex) and calcitriol (Rocaltrol) that can decrease the size of skin cells, and may not grow so fast. Topical retinoids can help to reduce the inflammation.

The medical staff can also give Cream, oil, and shampoo. In some cases, patients need light therapy, and it may include the UVA and UVB rays. In some cases, people need only oral medications and prescribed ointments to reduce inflammation.

Treatment for Guttate Psoriasis:

This type of Psoriasis can be treatable with steroid creams and some therapy recommended by the doctor. It can be treatable with oral medications and some antibiotics.

Treatment for Inverse Psoriasis:

The Inverse Psoriasis treatment is just like plaque Psoriasis treatment. It may include some topical steroid creams, light therapy, and oral medications. The doctor may recommend steroid cream to overcome the skin thinning too much. Applying medicines can also help to overcome the bacteria from the skin.

Treatment for Pustular Psoriasis:

Treatment for Pustular Psoriasis may cover the corticosteroid creams, OTC, and oral medications and light therapy according to the patient’s needs.

Treatment for Erythrodermic Psoriasis:

This type of Psoriasis’s patient needs medical help from a hospital where he/she can get multiple therapies. A doctor can suggest many types of applications and medicines.

Psoriatic Arthritis’s Treatment:

Treatment of this Psoriasis can include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen (Advil) and naproxen sodium (Aleve). These drugs can help reduce the swelling and pain connected with Psoriatic arthritis. Prescribed medicines can reduce the inflammation that can transform into Psoriatic arthritis.

Scalp Psoriasis treatment:

For the scalp Psoriasis, a topical treatment can be one of the most common procedures. It may include shampoo, lotions, and topical applications of vitamin D, which the doctor-approved.

What is the leading cause of Psoriasis?

Psoriasis can be happened because of two reasons, like the Immune system and genetics.

Immune system:

Psoriasis is a condition of autoimmune. The meaning of autoimmune is that body starts to attack itself. In Psoriasis, white blood cells start to hit the skin cells and fight with infections. Because of this, the process of developing new skin cells became very fast. So this is how it spread the skin’s surface.


Sometimes Psoriasis can be happened because of genetic reasons. Suppose your family member has Psoriasis so, there might be high risk for you too. But according to the National Psoriasis Foundation (NPF), only 2 to 3% of people have Psoriasis because of genetic reasons.

What does Psoriasis look like?

Psoriasis looks like red or pink patches on the skin. The marks can be thick and scaly skin. It usually happens in the area like elbows, knees, scalp, and buttocks. But it can develop on any part of the body.

How serious is Psoriasis?

Psoriasis can be dangerous if it’s not treated on time. Otherwise, it’s not a dangerous disease. Approx 90% of cases are considered mild. In Psoriasis, emotional and physical states are plays a very important role. It has a negative psychological impact if it happens on the hands, feet, genitals, and face.

What organs can be affected by Psoriasis?

If Psoriasis is not treated on time, then it may cause the reasons for damaging some other organs. It can affect the internal organs of the body, along with the skin. It can affect the Joints, arteries of the person.

How do you stop Psoriasis from spreading?

People who have Psoriasis must be thinking to stop its spreading. Although it can’t transfer from one person to another, it can spread into other parts of a person. So, there are some ways to reduce its effect.

Eat a Healthy Diet

As we know, a healthy diet is essential for everyone. People need to add Vitamin D, omega-3s, fish oil, and vegetables in the diet. According to the survey, people who have reduced drinking alcohol can improve psoriasis spreading. People should avoid alcohol and smoking.

Protect your skin

Psoriasis is a skin disease, so the patient needs to take care of their skin by applying moisturizers and sunscreen. Ultraviolet rays can help to treat your Psoriasis, but too many rays can destroy the skin as well. So you need to be very careful and avoid the extra cuts and scrapes to take care of your skin.

 Reduce Stress

Stress can be a major reason to increase Psoriasis. In daily life, we should avoid the unnecessary stress from life it can be linked to an increase of Psoriasis. To avoid stress, you need to keep your schedule manageable. Read the positive books which can give you positive vibes and relax your brain. Try to give yoga and exercise to make your body energetic.

Take enough sleep

If you are not taking enough sleep, then it may weaken your immune system and helps to maintain a healthy life and body. Doctors recommend adults 7 to 8 hours sleep in a day. If you are facing some problem in getting enough sleep, then you may consult with your doctor.

Is Psoriasis a sign of a weak immune system?

The dysfunctional immune system can cause Psoriasis. The meaning of a dysfunctional immune system is that body mistakenly develops the inflammatory response. As a result, red and pink patches can be seen on the skin of a person. Psoriasis can disturb the immune system of a person that can be problematic in some situations. Treatment can help you manage your immune system better and reduce the symptoms as well.

Can Psoriasis turn into cancer?

Psoriasis doesn’t turn in to cancer, but there are some linked between Psoriasis and cancer. People who have Psoriasis might be chances to face certain types of cancer in a lifetime. But cancer doesn’t turn in to cancer.

Is coffee bad for Psoriasis?

Psoriasis is a skin disease that can happen to anyone, and there are some symptoms of red skin and patches. Earlier, there was a misconception regarding coffee that it gives a bad impression on psoriasis patients. But in recent studies, experts have suggested that there is no such evidence regarding this, and coffee doesn’t affect Psoriasis.

How can I boost my immune system to fight Psoriasis?

People who have Psoriasis should do exercise daily because it’s very important to maintain a healthy immune system. Psoriasis patient has a high risk of Blood pressure, diabetes, and cholesterol, etc.

Maintain Good Hygiene

You should use alcohol-based sanitizers to maintain good hygiene. Try to avoid hand washing too much with water because it can be irritating. Alcohol-based sanitizers can be helpful in this case. If you wash your hands with warm water, then apply the moistures completely on your hand and try not to make your hand dry.

Make an exercise routine.

Regular exercise can help make a healthy life. To avoid the risk of Psoriasis, people should make a routine for morning and evening for exercise. If sweating is a problem for you to spread Psoriasis, then you can choose the option of swimming and water aerobics. It can be a good idea if chlorine doesn’t affect you.

What vitamins help with Psoriasis?

Vitamin D can be very helpful in Psoriasis; it can help you to grow your skin cells. There are many ointments available in the markets, which include vitamin D. It is the main ingredient that comes in two prescriptions, like vertical and Dovonex, that can be applied to the infected area of the skin. Other than the medicines, people can add food and vegetables rich in Vitamin D like Milk, aloe-vera, grapes, fish oil, etc. Sunlight also has vitamin D, but direct sunlight can damage the skin, so it will be a great idea to take Vitamin D through medicines, food, and vegetables.

Is drinking lemon water good for Psoriasis?

Lemon water is a natural energy booster that contains vitamin C, and it is good for the immune system and skin. It is a tonic for the Liver and helps maintain the body’s metabolism by removing the toxins from the body via urine. There are many benefits of Lemon water in Psoriasis.

Make your body alkaline:

Lemon is high in minerals and contains the citric acids. Lemon has the power to shift your body pH level towards alkaline quickly. Lemon has high alkaline properties. It has less sugar and high minerals, which can help to transform the sugar into alkaline. Lemon water can help in the digestion system of the body. The alkaline effect of the lemon can help to maintain the internal body fluid ph at an optimum level.

Helpful in Digestion:

Our stomach releases the various chemicals to digest the food we eat. Lemon is also doing the same thing. If you take lemon regularly, it may help digest the food and avoid health problems like constipation, heartburn, etc.

Liver Detoxification:

Many people are facing the problem of the Liver nowadays, and it is the main organ of the body. The Liver works as a filtration system and remove the waste toxins from the body. People who have Psoriasis have a higher chance that their Liver has some toxins, which can make it less efficient. Drinking lemon water can be helpful in the process of detoxifying the toxins.

Immunity Booster:

Lemon works as an immunity booster because it is rich in Vitamin C and antioxidants. As we know, in Psoriasis, the immune system has been weak. So, we need to take those ingredients that can improve the immune system of a person. Lemon has the power to fight with bacteria and viruses in the body. According to medical studies, it can be helpful in normal flu and cold.

Help in skin Repair:

Psoriasis is a skin condition, and lemon is skin repair. So, it’s very clear that it can help to improve the skin cells. Lemon has vitamin C, which is quite good for skin and repairs the skin of a person from damaging cells.

What should you not eat if you have Psoriasis?

In the psoriasis disease, the patient needs to avoid some food to get better recovery from the skin problem.

Red Meat and dairy:

According to some research, red meat and dairy contain polyunsaturated fatty acids, which can increase the psoriatic lesions. Doctors suggest avoiding food like Red Meat, eggs, and eggs, dishes, etc.


It is found out that Psoriasis patients have Gluten sensitivity. People who have psoriasis and gluten sensitivity should avoid the food which contains gluten in high amounts like wheat, rye, pasta, noodles, and baked food wheat.

High calories Food:

High calories food can lead to obesity in metabolic syndrome. People need to avoid high calories food like processed meats, canned fruits & vegetables.

Avoid Nightshades:

The psoriasis patients should avoid nightshades because it contains the solanine, which is known to affect the digestion system—foods like tomatoes, potatoes, eggplants, and peppers, etc.

Avoid Alcohol:

In Psoriasis, you should not drink alcohol because it may weaken your Liver and immune system.

How do you kill Psoriasis naturally?

By using home remedies, people can treat Psoriasis naturally. We have provided some tips to treat Psoriasis naturally.

Exposure to sunlight:

National psoriasis foundation has suggested that people who have Psoriasis should start the 5 to 10 minutes midday sun exposure. It’s significant for skin improvement. If your skin can bear the sunlight easily, then you can increase the time by 30 seconds daily. If you are feeling like sunburn, then you should stop taking exposure because sunburn can damage the skin; also, it can make the worst Psoriasis.

Fish Oil or omega -3 fats:

Researches show that fish oil or omega -3 flat has some supplements that reduce the inflammation and improve the autoimmune disease. Before using fish oil supplements, you should consult with your doctor because it may lead to stomach discomfort.


Capsaicin can fight with inflammation because of its component like red peppers. There are many Capsaicin creams also available in the market so, and people can apply it on the skin for better treatment.

What is the best Cream to treat Psoriasis?

There are many Cream and lotions are available for Psoriasis, which can be helpful for smooth skin.

CeraVe Moisturizing Cream

Human skin contains the waxy lipid molecules, which are also known as ceramides. It can be found in the membranes of the cells. Cerave moisturizing Cream contains the ceramides that can help lock in moisture.

Cetaphil Moisturizing Lotion:

This lotion is designed to absorb in the skin easily without clogging pores. It is oil and fragrance-free.

Curel Hydra Therapy Wet Skin Moisturizer:

This moisturizer is made of water and can be used after taking a shower or fresh skin. It can help to repair the skin cells, and it’s a mixture of ceramides that is fragrance-free.

Dermarest Psoriasis Medicated Treatment Gel:

This gel helps to reduce the scales, itching, and redness from the skin. It also restores the moisture in the skin.

Gold Bond Ultimate Psoriasis Relief Cream:

This Cream is designed for the people who have Psoriasis. It is a mixture of seven moisturizers with ceramides and salicylic acid.

What stops the itching of Psoriasis?

Approx 70 to 90% of people who have Psoriasis must have affected by the itching. Sometimes it can be very irritating. With the help of treatment, people can get rid of the itching of Psoriasis.


Dry skin can be the reason to increase the itching on the infected area, especially during the winter season. You should use some moisturizers after a shower. People should take a bath or clean the space in day 2to 3 times and use moisturizers to reduce dryness, itching, and cracking skin.

Cold or warm compresses:

Some people feel good after taking a bath with icy water, and some prefer to take a bath with warm water. It can reduce the pain for a short time. People should not take a bath with hot water, infect they shouldn’t take a shower for longer than 10 minutes because it may increase the itching and discomfort. After the bath, you should apply the lotion to the infected area.

Topical steroids:

You can apply the topical steroids to them directly on the skin. Hydrocortisone cream is the safest option for most people. It can provide relief from itching and accessible over the counter.

Keratolytic products:

These are the products which are very soft and remove the patches from the skin. It can speed up the healing time and also reduce the itching. When the scales are removed, itching can be less, and people might feel relief in itching.

Psoriasis Medications

Psoriasis is a skin disease, and it cannot wholly cure with home remedies. People should not treat this disease directly. Many scientists and researchers are working to find out the complete solution to this skin problem. But apart from direct medications, some treatments can help to reduce the symptoms of this skin problem.


These are the products that are made of chemicals and from the living cells. The doctors recommend it, and it can push in the veins of the person. It increases the immune system of the selected parts. If anyone is not responding to any other treatment, then the doctor suggested this treatment.


Those who have severe Psoriasis can use the methotrexate and suppress the immune system. It will also help in the involvement of the skin.

Oral retinoids:

These drugs can be helpful in severe Psoriasis. It contains vitamin A and works on the whole body to increase the immune system.


It is a kind of light therapy that can work as sunlight. But sunlight can burn your skin sometimes. So, it will be a great idea to use Phototherapy at the doctor’s place.

Is psoriasis hereditary?

Psoriasis is a chronic disease that can stay for a long time. It is not compulsory that it can come only from the family genes. There are some cases whose family members don’t face this problem ever, but some members have Psoriasis.

But yes, it is considered a hereditary problem because if your family background has a history of Psoriasis, there may be high chances for you.

If your one parent has Psoriasis, then there are 10% chances for you to get it, and if both of the parents have Psoriasis, then your risk is approximately 50%. Another reason for Psoriasis can be a weak immune system.


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